Learn More About Diphtheria Problems, Causes and Symptoms

Learn More About Diphtheria Problems, Causes and Symptoms



Do you know what diphtheria is? Have you ever felt it? If you remember back, of course, it was very unpleasant, right? In fact, according to some sources, diphtheria has always succeeded in making sufferers unable to sleep soundly. Until the worst, reduce appetite sufferers. 



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What is Diphtheria?


Diphtheria which generally attacks toddlers under the age of 5 years and also adults over 40 years is caused by a bacterial infection. This is the importance of getting diphtheria vaccination from a health clinic. Diphtheria left without special treatment will have fatal consequences such as heart failure, nerve disorders, t

he occurrence of complications that are quite serious, and most severe can cause death in a short time.

Causes of Diphtheria


The most common cause of diphtheria is infected by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheria. Bacteria that are quite dangerous are spread through direct contact with objects or liquids that enter the body.

Examples such as lending each other drinking glasses, towels, handkerchiefs, or spoons. Therefore, you should avoid giving your personal objects. Also, be vigilant when diphtheria sufferers sneeze, cough, or salivate and have a sniff that can stick to your skin. This can be an intermediary for your infection with diphtheria.

Initially, there will not be any changes. However, after about six days, the initial symptoms will begin to appear. You will feel some of the early signs of diphtheria. Infection that usually occurs is in the nose and throat. After a few days of being infected, the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheria will release a kind of dangerous toxin and a thick gray layer will appear on the nasal mucosa, throat, respiratory tract, and tongue.

If not treated promptly, diphtheria bacteria will increasingly spread to essential organs such as the heart, kidneys, and also the brain. This will cause kidney failure, inflammation of the heart lining, and even weakness in the muscles.




Diphtheria Symptoms


After knowing what causes it, now you also need to know what symptoms arise if you are infected with diphtheria bacteria. Generally, these symptoms will appear after 2 to 6 days after your infection. Although the symptoms are almost the same as regular flu, the difference is the presence of a thick gray layer and sometimes the appearance of tonsils in the throat.

Other symptoms that are clearly visible are:


  • Have a high fever
  • Shivering
  • Swollen glands occur in the neck
  • The sound turns bigger and louder
  • Throat inflammation occurs
  • The skin becomes bluish
  • Increased saliva production until saliva drips continuously 
  • The body feels uncomfortable when doing activities
  • Difficulty when breathing and swallowing food
  • Disruption of vision
  • There was a problem in the way of speaking or commonly called lisp
  • The most apparent symptoms are pale skin, cold sweat all over the body, and faster heart rate.
  • Factors That Cause Diphtheria
  • Several factors cause diphtheria. This is the most common causative factor in diphtheria sufferers.


Did not get diphtheria vaccination
Vacationing or visiting other countries that do not require diphtheria immunization
Affected by AIDS
Implement a bad lifestyle
Inadequate ventilation or poor airflow
Also Read:  Recognize the Causes and Prevention of Diarrhea


How to Treat Diphtheria


The first step you must take is to consult a doctor immediately. After that, a fast and responsive doctor will definitely give an antitoxin injection to your body. This will stop the spread of harmful toxins that can attack other vital organs of the body.

Do not forget to inform your doctor if you have an allergy to certain drugs so that the doctor will prescribe medicines that are safe for you. To stop the spread of the toxin, you can also use antibiotics by a doctor's prescription.

Diphtheria is a contagious disease, so sufferers must be hospitalized and placed in isolation. Isolation rooms are beneficial for stopping transmission of infections.

How to Prevent Diphtheria
There are several effective ways to prevent infection with diphtheria bacteria. Pay attention, and don't forget to practice it.


  • Get the original DPT immunization from the health
  • Keep your surroundings clean
  • Fill a balanced diet and drink plenty of water
  • Don't Underestimate the Diphtheria Problem
  • You should be more vigilant and don't underestimate diphtheria infection. Don't miss getting DPT immunization during posyandu or routine health checks. Also, understand more clearly about diphtheria problems so you can immediately recognize the symptoms early on.


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